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Elucidation of the TM - Movement


The TM - History

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (* 12. Januar 1918 as Mahesh Verma Shrivastava or Mahesh Prasad Varma in Pounalulla, India; † 5. Februar 2008 in Vlodrop, Netherlands) was  just a sadhu and  a secretary of Guru Brahmananda Saraswati, the owner of the northern Shankara seat of Jyotirmath of the Indian Shankara Order, who  suddenly died of poisoning after 12 years of activity on May 20, 1953. (Brahmananda Saraswati [video]).

In the disputed left behind testament, Gurudev Brahmananda Saraswati had named two candidates as successors, but ultimately the council of Shankaracharyas had to decide. There was a dispute over the succession with a disciple Swami Vishnu Devanand Saraswati, who had simply settled himself, which  had to be clarified  at court.

* The Jyotirmaṭha Śaṅkarācārya Lineage in the 20th Century , Vidyāśaṅkar Sundareśan

The in Guru Dev's Testament desired but not qualified in accordance with the requirements of the Mahanusasana texts Swami Shantanand Saraswati,  visited Maharishi later during his teacher training in 1961 and was receipted with all ceremony. He praised Maharishi that he wanted to spread the Mantrameditation worldwide (at that time still almost costless).

In 1980 Santananda resigned in favor of Swami Vishnudevananda Saraswati, who died in 1989 while Santananda Saraswati was still alive. Then a Swami Vasudevananda Saraswati was named as the successor. Santananda died in late 1997 and Vasudevananda Saraswati was until 2017 the only representative of this line. This line did not agitate against Maharishi.

Parallel  Swami Swaroopanand Saraswati as a direct student of the late Gurudev, made a claim to the successor. He is a harsh critic of Maharishi und clarified Mr. Kropinski about Maharishi in 1987. 

* 2015 : Court Declares 'Shankaracharya' Vasudevananda's Claim to Title Illegal

* 2017 Badrinath shrine dispute ends (for both)

(There are  three competing Jyotirmath lines,  i.e. the Madhava Asrama and the Krishnabodha Asrama or Giri, Parvata and Sagara.)


* Shortly after the sudden death of Guru Brahmananda Saraswati, Maharishi disappeared for two years and stayed mainly in the Himalayas.

In 1955, Maharishi reappeared and tried to spread a transcendental 'deep meditation'.
In 1957, Maharishi publicly announced his enlightenment.

Early history

1958 the 'Spiritual Regeneration Movement' (SRM)  was founded in India in Madras, Tamil Nadu.  In 1958 a meditation center in Singapore was also completed.

In December 1958 Maharishi visited Honolulu, and in 1959 also the USA in California.

At first  Maharishi Mahesh Yogi was  presented by his followers as a reformer, who spread only a simple mantra-meditation, relying brazenly on the holy tradition of his  deceased employer Guru Brahmananda Saraswati. Further : [Video1] - [Video2] (Youtube)

In what the renewal consisted of remained rather open. Anyone who knew about yoga and did not let befog himself smiled rather. Maharishi's common slogans were stress reduction and fulfillment and world peace.

In 1958, Maharishi visited Europe in England for the first time, and then he began to train initiators of his so-called 'Transcendental Meditation' (trademark).

From 1959 a small fee for the meditation was levied. Maharishi then described a three-year plan with the goal of training 25,000 meditation teachers from 1960 onwards.

The TM-Initiators presented a Puja in front of a painting of the Guru Dev and tried (often in good faith ) to make the impression of a connection to the 'Holy Tradition', - which later rejected Maharishi for several reasons completely after his later worldgovernment plans and the much higher prices and his teachings etc..

After some years the regular meditator had the possibility to get accelerators('Fertilizer') within a paid further initiation, at first a later given up sleeptechnique, and then stepwise at the first mantra attached up to 5 syllables.

Next : >> The 60ies....

Relevant and critical weblinks :

Youtube - videos :